Risk Taking Researcher
Gulag was a branch of the government which administered the labor work camps in the soviet union. Within these camps there was a range of criminals, from thieves to political opponents. Majority were convicted by simplified procedures. Alexander Solzhenitsyn, the author of this book, was a gulag prisoner for 11 years, and was the winner of the Nobel Prize for literature with the publication of the Gulag Archipelago in 1973. Alexander describes all these camps as a "chain of islands" and many survivors stated that in these camps they were worked to "Death". Many scholars are constantly debating on whether these Gulag camps were as deadly and plentiful as stated.
The first forced labor camps were created soon after the soviet union soon after the 1917 revolution, but the whole chain grew tremendously throughout Stalin's campaign to turn the soviet union into a major power. Although there were multiple gulag camps spread through the Soviet Union, some of the largest ones were located in the most extreme geographical and climatic places. With multiple factors such as hard labor, extreme violence, the harsh weather conditions and more, the death toll in these camps were extremely high.