Historical events and cultural issues influenced the author and are present in the novel. Historical events influenced the main idea of the novel. The book Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was sent to a gulag camp in 1945, for writing a derogatory comment about Stalin in a letter and was released in 1953. (He was then sent into forced exile in Kazakhstan and was allowed back into Russia in 1956.) The genre of One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich is fiction, but Solzhenitsyn sort of tells the reader his experience in the camp. The cultural issues that may have influenced, challenged or inspired the author are his own experience in gulag camp, and possibly the Holocaust.