In the second part of the book One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, I came up with three broad questions about the book, not really what happens in the book because I think it could bring more of a discussion.
1. Why does Solzhenitsyn call the protagonist by the name “Ivan Denisovich” in the title but by the name “Shukhov” almost everywhere else in the narrative?
I think that the author calling Shukhov by two different names is based on the relationship of someone with the character. For example, calling by the family name, Shukhov, indicates government information files. While for the first and middle name, Ivan Denisovich, on the contrary, shows trusting and confidential conversations which people care for and that information can be revealed with no fear that it won't be told to anyone else. So, the two different names shown mistrust. Calling him by the first and middle name is friendly, but the prisoners don't trust him and call him by the last name.
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich is one of the most famous political novels of the 20th century. Yet its protagonist never talks about any political opinions. What is so political about this novel?
I think that the political significance in this book isn't said by the characters but by what it represents. Te author wrote things that people from the Soviet state did not allow. The problems with the communist's conception with labor made the book's publication a mark in the Soviet history. The labor camps shown in the book had never been mentioned in any other Soviet books. The only reason people know it existed is because people had family who were sent there. However, after this book was published, the whole worlds knows about it.
Why does Solzhenitsyn describe only a single day of Shukhov’s life?
i think he only describes one day in Shukhov's life because it emphasizes that his days belonged to the Soviet government and not himself. A day in a normal person's life is just time passing by, but Ivan Denisovich's day is part of his sentence, which has powerful political significance. He cannot plan his day by what he would like to do, like in the life of many protagonists from other novels. His day is strictly dictaded by the high Soviet powers. The government regulate day shows how exhausting it is to have a life like that one.